Formal and Informal Communication Model Activity in the Process of Empowerment

Adhi Iman Sulaiman

Abstract


The research development actors are performing on the communication functions. In this study focused on the formal and informal communication, as of opening access, approach on location, design,implementation and evaluation of empowerment program, located in the village of Pasuruhan, Subdistrict Binangun of Cilacap Regency. The purpose of this study was to construct patterns of formal and informal communication in the process of community development activities, especially in the village of Pasuruhan, District Binangun, Cilacap Regency, Central Java Province. The approach was qualitative and the study sample was purposive. Data collection techniques with the Focus Group Discussion (FGD), interviews and observations. Results showed: (1) Formal communication could not be separated from the formal communication in the research process and implementation of empowerment.While formal communication performed after the open access and to reinforce the aim of activity. And then in the implementation of socialization, extension and comparative studies. (2) The failure to informal communication processes, maked the process of qualitative research in particular, could be resistance, minus support, distrust, andcould even rejection of research informants. (3) Formal communication had structured nature, focused and symbolic interaction of status the institution or organizationof communicators. While the informal communication had unstructured nature, dialogical process or more flexible and could be long term, however the discussion wouldbe not focus.


Keywords


formal communication; informal communication; community empowerment

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20422/jpk.v16i2.38

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