Table Top Exercise Disaster Communication Model in Reducing Disaster Risk

Puji Lestari, Eko Teguh Paripurno, Arif Rianto Budi Nugroho

Abstract


Mount Sinabung in Karo Regency of North Sumatera is still active.  Training required for government and residents readiness of surrounding mountain to reduce disaster risk through the training of contingency plan model implementation.  This study aims to find a model of communication disaster readiness through the Table Top Exercise or TTX.  This research uses the descriptive qualitative method and data collection with interview, documentation, observation, and focus group discussion (FGD).  FGD participants divided into eight sectoral planning small groups, that divided according to their respective fields: a subdivision of disaster and post-disaster management, SAR and evacuation, health and psychosocial, evacuation and temporary shelter, water and sanitation, transportation, distribution and logistics, security and order, searching, and subdivision of special cattle.  The results of the study found that the implementation of disaster readiness communication model of Mount Sinabung eruption is optimal.  This communication is what needs to be improved when the eruption occurs.  The results of the study contributed as a policy for improvement for Contingency Planning Document as the Regulation of Head of Karo Regency that will be implemented at the end of 2018.

 


Keywords


model of communication; communication disaster; table top exercise; volcano eruption; Sinabung

References


Afiyanti, Y. (2008) Focus Group Discussion (Diskusi Kelompok Terfokus) Sebagai Metode Pengumpulan Data Penelitian Kualitatif. Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia. [Online] 12 (1), 58–62. Available from: http://www.jki.ui.ac.id/index.php/jki/article/view/201.

Alabdulwahab, M. (2016) Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research. [Online] 7 (3), 322–327. Available from: https://www.ijser.org/onlineResearchPaperViewer.aspx?Disaster-Recovery-and-Business-Continuity.pdf.

Berger, P.L.& T.L. (1990) Tafsir Sosial atas Kenyataan: Risalah tentang Sosiologi Pengetahuan (diterjemahkan dari buku asli The Social Construction of Reality oleh Hasan Basari). Jakarta, LP3ES.

Kotler, P. (2000) Marketing Management. Millenium. New Jersey, Prentice Hall, Inc.

Lestari, P., Kusumayudha, S.B., Paripurno, E.T. & Ramadhaniyanto, B. (2016) Komunikasi Lingkungan untuk Mitigasi Bencana Erupsi Gunung Sinabung. Jurnal ASPIKOM. [Online] 3 (1), 56. Available from: doi:10.24329/aspikom.v3i1.98.

Lestari, P., Paripurno, E.T. & Nugroho, A.R.B. (2018a) Disaster Risk Reduction Based on Community through a Contingency Plan for Mount Sinabung. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik. [Online] 21 (3), 231. Available from: doi:10.22146/jsp.30059.

Lestari, P., Paripurno, E.T. & Nugroho, A.R.B. (2018b) Model Of Communication Disaster Risk Reduction Eruption Mountain Sinabung Through Table Top Exercise. In: International Conference on Global Education VI. 2018 pp. 1787–1795.

Lestari, P., Prabowo, A. & Wibawa, A. (2012) Manajemen Komunikasi Bencana Merapi 2010 pada saat Tanggap Darurat. Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi. [Online] 10 (2), 173–197. Available from: http://jurnal.upnyk.ac.id/index.php/komunikasi/article/view/125.

Nasikun (2013) Sistem Sosial Indonesia. Ombak.

Parsons, T. (1975) The Present Status of “Structural-Functional” Theory In Sociology. In Talcott. The Pass Perss.

Putra, A. (2018) Pemetaan Risiko Bahaya Gunung Sinabung. Bandung, Kementerian ESDM.

Roskusumah, T. (2013) Komunikasi Mitigasi Bencana oleh Badan Geologi KESDM di Gunung Api Merapi Prov. D. I. Yogyakarta. Jurnal Kajian Komunikasi. [Online] 1 (1), 59–68. Available from: doi:10.24198/jkk.v1i1.6031.

Rudianto (2018) Makna Erupsi Gunung Sinabung Bagi Masyarakat Desa Guru Kinayan, Kab. Karo. In: Bunga Rampai Komunikasi Indonesia. 2018 pp. 179–196.

Sandstrom, B.E., Eriksson, H., Norlander, L., Thorstensson, M., et al. (2014) Training of public health personnel in handling CBRN emergencies: A table-top exercise card concept. Environment International. [Online] 72 (1), 164–169. Available from: doi:10.1016/j.envint.2014.03.009.

Triutomo, S., Widjaja, B.W., Sugiharto, R., Siswanto, B., et al. (2011) Panduan Perencanaan Kontijensi Menghadapi Bencana. 2nd edition. [Online]. Jakarta, Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB). Available from: http://penanggulangankrisis.kemkes.go.id/__pub/files22304Panduan_Perencanaan_Kontinjensi.pdf.

Wardyaningrum, D. (2016) Perubahan Komunikasi Masyarakat dalam Inovasi Mitigasi Bencana (Studi pada Masyarakat di Wilayah Rawan Bencana Gunung Merapi Sebelum dan Setelah Erupsi Tahun 2010). Jurnal Komunikasi. [Online] 10 (2), 133–152. Available from: doi:10.20885/komunikasi.vol10.iss2.art3.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20422/jpk.v22i1.587

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Penelitian Komunikasi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2016 BPPKI Bandung