Crisis and Communication among Rural Poor People

Agus Ganjar Runtiko, Tri Nugroho Adi, Wiwik Novianti

Abstract


The effect of the crisis is often multiple on people in rural poverty that secluded and away from the reach of government. Main factor cannot be ignored in crisis is communication. Prolonged crisis will occur when the channels of communication in society clogged. This study establishes three specific targets: (1) To obtain a comprehensive overview of the rural poor people’s knowledge about the crisis and the potential impact, (2) To discover crisis problems faced by the rural people poor, (3 ) To enlist communication problems in a crisis situation. This study used a qualitative method with a case study approach. Research data collect by conducting FGD of 40 informants selected based on purposive sampling, furthermore eight people were interviewed in depth, plus other supporting informant. The results of the research show people on those two locations have understood the crisis based on their experience of dealing with it. They believe the economic crisis as the first aspect that must be resolved. The completion of crisis should consider indigenous wisdom to avoid a new crisis.


Keywords


crisis; communication; people in rural poverty, indigenous wisdom

References


Acandra. (2010). Komunikasi Krisis Tentukan Keberhasilan. Tersedia dalam: http://regional.kompas.com/read/2010/03/10/07362927/Komunikasi.Krisis.Tentukan.Keberhasilan, [diakses 3 April 2013].

Anwas, Oos M. (2013). Pemberdayaan Masyarakat di Era Global. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Coombs, W. Timothy. (2010). Parameters for Crisis Communication. Dalam: The Handbook of Crisis Communication. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Falkheimer, Jesper dan Heide, Mats. (2010). Crisis Communicators in Change: From Plants to Improvisations. Dalam: The Handbook of Crisis Communications. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Geertz, Clifford. (1976). Involusi Pertanian, Proses Perubahan Ekologi di Indonesia. Penerjemah: Supomo. Jakarta : Bhratara K.A.

Hale, E.J., Dulek, R.E, dan Hale, D.P. (2005). Crisis Response Communication Challenge, Building Theory from Qualitative Data. Jurnal of Business Communication, 42 (2) April, pp. 112-114. Tersedia dalam: doi:10.1177/0021943605274751.

Hardjana, Andre A. (1998). Manajemen Komunikasi dalam Krisis. Jurnal Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia (2) Oktober, hal. 12-23.

Koentjaraningrat (ed). (1977). Masyarakat Desa dalam Perubahan Zaman : Sejarah Diferensiasi di Jawa 1830-1980. Jakarta: Grasindo.

Kriyantono, Rachmad. (2013). Public Relations dan Crisis Management: Pendekatan Critical Public Relations, Etnografi Kritis & Kualitatif. Jakarta: Prenada Media.

Kuncoro, Mudrajad. (1997). Ekonomi Pembangunan: Teori, Masalah, dan Kebijakan. Yogyakarta: Unit Penerbitan dan Percetakan Akademi Manajemen Perusahaan YKPN.

Nasikun. (1985). Sistem Sosial Indonesia. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Putra, I Gusti Ngurah. (1999). Manajemen Hubungan Masyarakat. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Universitas Atmajaya.

Ridwan, Nurma Ali. (2007). Landasan Keilmuan Kearifan Lokal. Jurnal Ibda’, 5 (1) Juni, hal. 27-38.

Roberts, A. R. (2005). Bridging the past And present to the future of crisis intervention And crisis management. In A. R. Roberts (Ed.), Crisis intervention handbook: Assessment, treatment and research (3rd ed., pp. 3–34). New York: Oxford University Press.

Sen, A.K. (1999). Development as Freedom. New York: Alfred Knof.

Shockley-Zalabak, Pamela. (2006). The Communications of Trust. Dalam Tamara L. Gillis. The IABC Handbook of Organizational Communication. IABC International Association of Business Communicators.

Soekanto, Soerjono. (2007). Sosiologi Suatu Pengantar. Jakarta: PT. Rajagrafindo Persada.

Suhartini. (2009). Kajian Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat dalam Pengelolaan Swadaya Alam dan Lingkungan. Makalah Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian dan Pendidikan MIPA, Fakultas MIPA, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 16 Mei 2009

Supriatna, Tjahya. (1997). Birokrasi Pemberdayaan dan Pengentasan Kemiskinan. Bandung: Humaniora.

Sutopo, H.B. (2002). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif Dasar Teori dan Terapannya dalam Penelitian. Surakarta: Sebelas Maret University Press.

Wilmot, W.W. dan Hocker, J.L. (1998). Interpersonal Conflict (5th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Yin, Robert K. (2003). Studi Kasus: Desain dan Metode. Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Persada.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.20422/jpk.v18i1.16

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Jurnal Penelitian Komunikasi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2016 BPPKI Bandung